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Wendy se poskuša izogniti nezdravi ugledu s preizkušanjem vegetarijanskih burgerjev

Wendy se poskuša izogniti nezdravi ugledu s preizkušanjem vegetarijanskih burgerjev


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Wendy's na določenih lokacijah v osrednjem Ohiu preizkuša veggie burgerje iz črnega fižola

Vegetarijanci, veselite se! Zdaj imate izvedljivo možnost burgerja iz hitre hrane.

Restavracije s hitro prehrano začenjajo paniko. Konec koncev, z vzponom gibanja za čisto prehrano in upadom velikih imen, kot je McDonald's (bančni računi Zlatih lokov niso bili tako zlati, ko so videli njihova najslabša prodaja v zadnjem desetletju), se zdi, da hitra hrana morda ne bo več primerna za Američane. Počasi so sproščene restavracije začele čistiti svoje menije na različne načine, iz več verig odprava gaziranih pijač od otroških menijev do Podzemna železnica obljublja odpuščanje težko izgovorljivih kemikalij v svojem kruhu.

Prejšnji teden je Wendy’s objavila, da ponujajo ekološki čaj, in zdaj testirajo veggie burger iz črnega fižola v različnih trgovinah v Ohiu. Sendvič je narejen na pecivu iz več zrn in vsebuje rančevo omako Asiago, sir iz koprive, paradižnik in spomladansko mešanico.

Wendy's ni prvo podjetje za hitro prehrano, ki ponuja vegetarijanske burgerje. Lansko poletje, Beli grad začeli uvajati vegelarske drsnike.

Med zelenjavnim hamburgerjem in čajem se zdi, da Wendy’s pošilja jasno sporočilo: Prosim, ne povezujte nas z mastnimi hamburgerji in krompirčkom!


'Zdrave ' jedi s hitro prehrano, kot so beljakovinski McMuffins, turški burgerji bi lahko povečali podjetja in#x27 dobiček

Ta mesec so tri velike restavracijske verige okrepile svojo ponudbo "zdrave" hitre hrane - morda dobra novica za dietete, ki se občasno znajdejo v velikih verigah hitre prehrane. Toda vodje teh podjetij ne poskušajo zmanjšati svojih strank. Poskušajo povečati svoje dobičke.

McDonald's je napovedal, da bo prodajal različico svojih zajtrkovalnih sendvičev iz jajc McMuffin, Burger King je predstavil puranskega hamburgerja, ki so ga v industriji imenovali "igralec sprememb", in Cracker Barrel - ki pravi, da "ne more zagotoviti natančnih podatkov o kalorijah ali maščobah" "za krepke jedi, kot sta ocvrt piščanec in mac n 'sir - tiho začel testirati nov meni" Wholesome Fixins "jedi z manj kot 600 kalorijami.

Morda nepredvidljivo, vodje hitre hrane ne pričakujejo, da se bodo te nove jedi prodajale posebej dobro - zdrave možnosti v nezdravih restavracijah skoraj nikoli ne. Darren Tristiano iz podjetja za tržne raziskave Technomic je opozoril, da le četrtina vseh Američanov pravi kdaj naročite "zdrav meni". Dodal je, da je na večini trgov le 1 do 2 odstotka vseh naročil burgerjev zelenjava, ocvrte piščančje jedi pa na splošno presegajo primerljive piščančje jedi na žaru devet do ena.

"Potrošnik bo vedno težil k okusu - in to ne bo nikoli bolj zdravo," je dejal Tristiano.

Namesto tega te verige dodajajo beljake in mletega purana v svoje jedilnike, da bi postali potrošniki pomisli svojih restavracij kot zdravih - ali vsaj ne brezplačno nezdravih - in posledično v redu za obisk. Z drugimi besedami, zdrave jedi so orodja za trženje. Kot vsaka druga predstavitev novega izdelka pritegnejo pozornost na verigo, za razliko od, recimo, Cool Ranch Doritos Tacos, premikajo dojemanje blagovne znamke proti vrlini. In prav je tako: puran burger Burger King tehta 530 kalorij, 15 odstotkov manj kot klasični Whopper.

Ko pa so stranke pred vrati, pogosto naročijo nezdravo hrano, ne glede na vse. Tudi tisti, ki jih pritegne obljuba o dietnem obroku, pogosto naročijo burger in krompirček.

"Ljudje morda dejansko nimajo interesa, da bi dejansko dobili ta izdelek, vendar bodo nekako hvaležni, da so tam," je pojasnila napovedovalka trendov Marian Berelowitz iz JWT. "Ali pa morda razmišljajo:" No, naslednjič bom to dobil. " Ampak potem tega v resnici nikoli ne storijo. "

Nima Samadi, industrijski analitik pri IBISWorldu, je željo hitre prehrane po uvajanju zdravih predmetov izsledil v izkušnjah McDonald'sa v začetku leta 2000, po izidu filma "Super Size Me". Uspešni dokumentarni film režiserja Morgana Spurlocka je ustvaril dovolj slabega tiska, da je predstavljal resno grožnjo verigi - zaradi česar je McDonald's ukinil možnost "supersize" in svojemu jedilniku dodal vrsto novih solat, kasneje pa tudi smoothijev.

"Njihov ugled je padel na smetiščih. Ukvarjali so se z veliko vprašanji zaznavanja," je pojasnil Samadi. "Toda s sistematičnim uvajanjem zdravih izdelkov so to lahko zelo spremenili."

Zaradi novih jedilnikov so se potrošniki počutili bolje pri McDonald'su, vendar so v glavnem nadaljevali z naročanjem istih starih Big Macov. Druge verige, ki so od takrat uvedle zdrave možnosti, so imele podobne izkušnje.

Zagotovo nekateri naročajo zdrave možnosti. Niso voditelji popolne izgube. Po besedah ​​Bonnie Rigg iz skupine NPD je približno 8 odstotkov vseh restavracijskih obrokov motiviranih z zdravjem. To ni velik delež, a če bi ga verige hitre prehrane v celoti odstopile in ne bi ponudile zdravih možnosti, bi zagotovo izgubile nekaj posla. Rigg je dejal, da je zanimanje za zdrave obroke večje (približno 11 odstotkov) pri starejših od 65 let, kar je vedno večji delež ameriškega prebivalstva. Delno zato pričakuje, da bo prodaja zdravih jedi do leta 2022 "močno rasla".

Vpliv ponudbe zdravih jedi na bistvo podjetij za hitro prehrano povečuje tudi dejstvo, da le redki jedo sami. Če je bil na dieti le en član skupine za večerjo, bi lahko pomanjkanje nizkokalorične možnosti v določeni restavraciji pomenilo prekinitev tudi drugim. Profesor univerze Cornell Brian Wansink, avtor prihajajoče knjige Slim By Design: brezumne prehranske rešitve za vsakdanje življenjeje dodal, da tako imenovano "veto glasovanje", ki temelji na prehranskih pomislekih, nesorazmerno verjetno izvira iz "hranilca prehrane" družine, pogosto matere.

"Zato je," je dejal, "napačno, če pomislite na izračun, ko gre za te nove zdrave jedi, koliko jih je prodanih. Upoštevati morate, koliko dodatnih stvari se proda. [restavracije] se ne bi prodale, če teh zdravih artiklov ne bi bilo na meniju. "

Ta račun deluje tako v praksi kot v teoriji, če je verjeti študiji o prodaji zdravih jedi v verižnih restavracijah, ki jo je prejšnji mesec objavil Inštitut Hudson. Manj jasno pa je, kako to vpliva na zdravje Američanov. Nove nizkokalorične možnosti bi lahko naredile povprečen obrok v restavraciji s hitro prehrano manj nezdrav. Toda to je Pirova zmaga proti debelosti, če zaradi širšega jedilnika več Američanov za večerjo poje hitro hrano.

Pojasnitev: V članek je bil dodan jezik, ki označuje, da je McDonald's na meniju vključeval nekaj solat pred letom 2004.


Osnovne smernice za dieto pri sladkorni bolezni

Razen če ste bili na novo diagnosticirani s sladkorno boleznijo, obstaja velika verjetnost, da ste že vključili ta standardna pravila za nadzor nad tem, kaj jeste čez dan, da nadzirate raven sladkorja v krvi in ​​po potrebi izgubite težo. Če ne, vam bodo pomagali pri pametni izbiri hitre hrane, če je tako, jih je vedno vredno pregledati.

  • Napolnite s svežo zelenjavo brez škroba. Napolnjene so s hranili, imajo nizko vsebnost maščob in kalorij ter nizek glikemični indeks - sveže zelenjave pa na meniju s hitro prehrano ni tako težko najti, kot si mislite.
  • Bodite pozorni na dele- zlasti v restavracijah s hitro prehrano, ki spodbujajo "preveliko število". Eden od načinov za to je uporaba metode krožnikov: razdelite krožnik na tri dele in polovico namenite zelenjavi brez škroba, četrtino do tri do štiri unče puste beljakovine (približno velikost dlani) in četrtina zrn ali stročnic z veliko vlakninami.
  • Ohranite doslednost ogljikovih hidratov. To pomeni, da poskušate jesti vsak dan enako količino ogljikovih hidratov pri vsaki vrsti obroka - na primer 45 gramov (g) ogljikovih hidratov za zajtrk in kosilo, 15 g za prigrizke in 60 g za večerjo.
  • Vedite, česa se morate izogibati. Nekatera živila preprosto niso skladna s prehrano za sladkorno bolezen: rafinirani, predelani ogljikovi hidrati (beli kruh, testenine, sladki ali slani pekovski izdelki) pijače, sladkane s sladkorjem (vključno s sadnim sokom, razen če je glukoza nizka), sladkarije in druge sladkarije.
  • Pri sadju bodite izbirčni. Sadje vsebuje naravni sladkor, vendar sveže, polno sadje, kot so jagode, ni omejeno, če omejite obroke na dva do tri na dan in se zavedate, kateremu sadju se je treba izogibati (vključno s suhim sadjem).
  • Vedite, kaj naročiti prej zadel si pogon. Podrobne podatke o hranilni vrednosti vseh artiklov v restavracijah s hitro prehrano najdete na spletnih straneh podjetja. Preizkusite lahko tudi aplikacije za naprave Android in iOS, ki navajajo hranilne vrednosti izdelkov hitre hrane iz določenih restavracij.

Vsebina

Ingrid Newkirk

Ingrid Newkirk se je rodila leta 1949 v Angliji in odraščala v Hertfordshireu in kasneje v New Delhiju v Indiji, kjer je bil nameščen njen oče - navigacijski inženir. Newkirk, zdaj ateist, se je izobraževal v samostanu, edinem britanskem dekletu tam. [6] Kot najstnica se je preselila v Združene države, najprej se je učila za borznega posrednika, a potem, ko je leta 1969 odpeljala nekaj zapuščenih mladičev v zavetišče za živali in bila zgrožena nad razmerami, ki jih je tam zatekla, se je odločila za poklic na področju zaščite živali namesto tega. [7] Postala je častnica za zaščito živali v okrožju Montgomery v Marylandu, nato pa prva ženska poveljnica funtov okrožja Columbia. Do leta 1976 je bila vodja oddelka za nadzor živalskih bolezni pri DC -jevi komisiji za javno zdravje, leta 1980 pa je bila med tistimi, ki so bili imenovani za "Washingtonce leta". [8]

Leta 1980 je po ločitvi spoznala Alexa Pacheca, magistra politologije na univerzi George Washington. [9] Prostovoljno je deloval v zavetišču, kjer je delala, zaljubila sta se in začela živeti skupaj. [10] Newkirk je prebral vplivno knjigo Petra Singerja, Osvoboditev živali (1975), marca 1980 pa je prepričala Pacheca, naj se ji pridruži pri oblikovanju ljudi za etično ravnanje z živalmi, takrat je bilo "le pet ljudi v kleti", kot je opisal Newkirk. Večinoma so bili študentje in člani lokalnega vegetarijanskega društva, v skupini pa je bila tudi prijateljica Pacheca iz Združenega kraljestva Kim Stallwood, britanska aktivistka, ki je postala nacionalni organizator Britanske zveze za odpravo vivisekcije. [11]

Srebrne pomladne opice

Skupina je prvič pritegnila pozornost javnosti leta 1981 med primerom opic Silver Spring, sporom o poskusih, ki jih je izvedel raziskovalec Edward Taub na 17 opicah makaki na Inštitutu za vedenjske raziskave v Silver Springu v Marylandu. Primer je privedel do prve policijske racije v ZDA na laboratorij za živali, leta 1985 je sprožil spremembo ameriškega zakona o dobrobiti živali in postal prvi primer testiranja živali, na katerega se je pritožil Vrhovno sodišče Združenih držav Amerike [5 ], ki je potrdilo sodbo državnega sodišča v Louisiani, ki je zavrnilo zahtevo PETA za skrbništvo nad opicami. [13]

Pacheco se je maja 1981 zaposlil v laboratoriju za raziskave primatov na Inštitutu in si nameraval pridobiti izkušnje iz prve roke pri delu v laboratoriju za živali. [14] Taub je prerezal čutne ganglije, ki so opicam prste, roke, roke in noge oskrbovali z živci - proces, imenovan "deafferentation" - tako da jih opice niso čutile, nekatere opice so imele celotno hrbtenico oglušen. Nato je uporabil omejitve, električni udar in odvzem hrane in vode, da bi opice prisilili, da uporabljajo dele telesa, ki so jim narazen. Raziskava je deloma pripeljala do odkritja nevroplastičnosti in nove terapije za žrtve možganske kapi, imenovane terapija gibanja, ki jo povzroča omejitev. [15]

Pacheco je ponoči odšel v laboratorij in posnel fotografije, ki prikazujejo opice, ki živijo v Dnevnik ILAR imenovani "umazani pogoji". [16] Svoje fotografije je posredoval policiji, ki je vdrla v laboratorij in aretirala Tauba. Taub je bil obsojen po šestih točkah krutosti do živali, kar je bila prva tovrstna obsodba v Združenih državah Amerike za raziskovalca živali, vendar je bila obsodba razveljavljena. [17] Norm Phelps piše, da je primer sledil zelo razglašeni kampanji Henryja Spira leta 1976 proti poskusom na mačkah v Ameriškem naravoslovnem muzeju v New Yorku in Spirovi kasnejši kampanji aprila 1980 proti testu Draize. Ti in primer opic Silver Spring sta pravici živali skupaj uvrstili na dnevni red v ZDA. [18]

10-letna bitka za skrbništvo opic-opisala jo je Washington Post kot začaran boj z blatom, med katerim sta obe strani obtoževali drugo stran laži in izkrivljanja - PETA preoblikovali v nacionalno, nato mednarodno gibanje. Do februarja 1991 je zahteval več kot 350.000 podpornikov, plačano osebje več kot 100 in letni proračun več kot 7 milijonov dolarjev. [19]

Lokacije

PETA je imela sedež v Rockvilleu v Marylandu do leta 1996, ko se je preselila v Norfolk v Virginiji. [20] Leta 2006 je odprl oddelek v Los Angelesu [20] in ima tudi pisarne v Washingtonu, DC in Oaklandu v Kaliforniji. [21] Poleg tega ima PETA mednarodne podružnice.

Profil

PETA je organizacija za pravice živali, ki nasprotuje vrstezmu in zlorabi živali na kakršen koli način, na primer za hrano, oblačila, zabavo ali raziskave. [4] PETA lobira pri vladnih agencijah, da naložijo globe in/ali zasežejo živali, kadar je kršena zakonodaja o dobrobiti živali, spodbuja veganski način življenja, poskuša reformirati prakse na tovarniških kmetijah in v klavnicah, pošilja tajne preiskovalce v laboratorije za raziskovanje živali, kmetije in cirkusi, sproži medijske kampanje proti določenim podjetjem ali praksam, pomaga najti zavetišča za živali, ki so jih prej uporabljali cirkusi in živalski vrtovi, ter sproža tožbe proti podjetjem, ki nočejo spremeniti svoje prakse. [22] [ preverjanje ni uspelo ] Nekateri zagovorniki pravic živali so kritizirali skupino zaradi njene pripravljenosti za sodelovanje z industrijami, ki uporabljajo živali za namene vplivanja na postopne spremembe. Newkirk to kritiko zavrača in je dejal, da skupina obstaja, da bi držala radikalno linijo. [23] [ potrebno preverjanje ]

PETA je bila kritizirana zaradi njihove politike evtanazije skoraj vseh živali, ki pridejo v njihovo zavetišče v Virginiji. [24]

Leta 2020 je spletno mesto PETA trdilo, da ima 6,5 ​​milijona privržencev [4], za leto 2019 pa je prejelo 49 milijonov dolarjev donacij. [25]

Kampanje in bojkoti potrošnikov

Organizacija je znana po svojih agresivnih medijskih kampanjah v kombinaciji s trdno bazo podpore slavnih - poleg častnih direktorjev so se v PETA pojavili Paul McCartney, Alicia Silverstone, Eva Mendes, Charlize Theron, Ellen DeGeneres in številne druge pomembne zvezdnice. oglasi. [26] Vsak teden ima Newkirk kaj New Yorker imenuje "vojni svet", kjer je dva ducata njenih vrhunskih strategov zbranih za kvadratno mizo v konferenčni sobi PETA, pri čemer noben predlog ni ocenjen kot preveč nezaslišan. [6] PETA prav tako podeljuje letno nagrado, imenovano Proggy Award (za "napredek"), posameznikom ali organizacijam, ki se ukvarjajo z dobrobitjo živali ali ki se s svojimi prizadevanji odlikujejo na področju dobrega počutja živali. [27]

Mnoge kampanje so bile osredotočene na velike korporacije. Ciljna skupina so podjetja za hitro prehrano, kot so KFC, Wendy's in Burger King. V industriji testiranja na živalih so se potrošniški bojkoti PETA osredotočili na Avon, Benetton, Bristol-Myers-Squibb, Chesebrough-Pond's, Dow Chemical, General Motors in druge. Skupina je način delovanja vključuje nakup delnic ciljnih podjetij, kot sta McDonald's in Kraft Foods, za izvajanje vpliva. [28] Oglaševalske akcije so prinesle rezultate za PETA. McDonald's in Wendy's sta uvedla vegetarijanske možnosti, potem ko sta jih ciljali PETA, Polo Ralph Lauren pa je rekel, da krzna ne bo več uporabljal. [29] Avon, Estée Lauder, Benetton in Tonka Toy Co. so prenehali testirati izdelke na živalih, Pentagon je prenehal streljati prašiče in koze pri testih ran, klavnico v Teksasu pa zaprli. [9]

Podporniki PETA so se v okviru akcije proti krznu infiltrirali na stotine modnih revij v ZDA in Evropi ter eno na Kitajskem, pri čemer so na modne brvi metali rdečo barvo in razgrinjali transparente. Znane osebnosti in supermodeli so goli pozirali za kampanjo skupine "Raje bi šla gola, kot bi nosila krzno" - nekateri moški, a večinoma ženske, kar je sprožilo kritike nekaterih feminističnih zagovornikov pravic živali. [30] New Yorker piše, da so se aktivisti PETA plazili po pariških ulicah in nosili pasti za držanje nog ter metali denar, namočen v ponarejeno kri, na mednarodnem sejmu krzna. [6] Včasih se ukvarjajo z metanjem pite-januarja 2010 jih je kanadski poslanec Gerry Byrne primerjal s teroristi, ker so v znak protesta proti zakolu tjulnjev metali pito s kremo iz tofua na kanadskega ministra za ribištvo Gail Shea, komentar Newkirk udarna vadba. [31] "Stvar je v tem, da jih naredimo grde," je povedala Satya revija, "morda kot prometna nesreča, ki jo morate pogledati." [32]

PETA je prav tako nasprotovala praksi mulenja (odstranjevanje trakov volnene kože okoli zadnjice ovce). Oktobra 2004 je PETA začela bojkot avstralske volnene industrije, zaradi česar so nekateri trgovci z oblačili prepovedali izdelke, ki uporabljajo avstralsko volno, v svojih trgovinah. [33] V odgovor je avstralska industrija volne tožila PETA, med drugim trdila, da muzenje preprečuje muharjenje, zelo bolečo bolezen, ki lahko prizadene ovce. Dosežena je bila poravnava, PETA pa se je strinjala, da bojkot ustavi, medtem ko se je volnena industrija strinjala, da bo poiskala alternative mulaženju. [34]

Leta 2011 je družba PETA imenovala pet ork kot tožnike in tožila SeaWorld zaradi ujetništva živali ter jih prosila za zaščito po Trinajsti spremembi. [35] Zvezni sodnik je obravnaval primer in ga zavrnil v začetku leta 2012. [36] Avgusta 2014 je SeaWorld objavil, da gradi nove cisterne za orke, ki bi skoraj podvojile velikost obstoječih, da bi zagotovile več prostora za svoje kite. PETA je odgovorila, da je "večji zapor še vedno zapor." [37] Leta 2016 je SeaWorld priznal, da je svoje zaposlene pošiljal kot aktiviste, ki so vohunili za PETA. [38] Po preiskavi zunanje odvetniške pisarne je upravni odbor SeaWorlda vodstvu naročil, naj ustavi prakso. [39]

Leta 2011 je bila Patricia de Leon špansko predstavnica za kampanjo PETA proti bikoborbam. [40]

Nekatere akcije so bile še posebej kontroverzne. Newkirk je bil leta 2003 kritiziran, ker je voditelju PLO Yasserju Arafatu poslal pismo, v katerem ga prosi, naj živali prepreči konflikt, potem ko je med napadom v Jeruzalemu razstrelil osla. Razstava skupine "Holokavst na tvoji plošči" iz leta 2003-osem ploščic 60,6 kvadratnih metrov (5,6 m 2), ki medsebojno postavljajo podobe žrtev holokavsta z živalskimi trupi in živalmi, ki se prevažajo na zakol-je kritizirala Liga za boj proti obrekovanju, ki je dejala: "prizadevanja Pete, da bi namerno sistematično umoril milijone Judov s problemom pravic živali, so ogabna" in "[to] ne le poglablja naš odpor do tega, kar so nacisti naredili Judom, bo projekt spodkopal boj za razumeti holokavst in najti način, da se takšne katastrofe nikoli več ne ponovijo. " Julija 2010 je nemško zvezno ustavno sodišče odločilo, da kampanja PETA ni zaščitena z zakoni o svobodi govora, in jo prepovedalo v Nemčiji kot kršitev človekovega dostojanstva. [41] Razstavo pa je financiral anonimni judovski filantrop [42], ustvaril pa jo je Matt Prescott, ki je v holokavstu izgubil več sorodnikov. Prescott je dejal: "Ista miselnost, ki je omogočila holokavst - da lahko storimo vse, kar hočemo za tiste, za katere se odločimo, da so" drugačni ali manjvredni " - nam omogoča, da vsak dan delamo grozodejstva nad živalmi. Dejstvo je, vse živali čutijo bolečino, strah in osamljenost. Prosimo ljudi, naj se zavedajo, da so vse, kar so Judje in drugi preživeli v holokavstu, tiste, ki jih živali preživijo vsak dan na tovarniških kmetijah. " [42] Analogije med pravicami živali in holokavstom je sprožil ugledni judovski avtor Isaac Bashevis Singer. [43] Leta 2005 je NAACP kritiziral "Ali so živali novi sužnji?" razstava, ki prikazuje slike afroameriških sužnjev, Indijancev, delavcev otrok in žensk, skupaj z verigami sloni in zaklanimi kravami. [44]

Kampanja PETA "Še vedno traja" prikazuje časopisne oglase, ki primerjajo široko objavljene primere umorov in kanibalizacije s smrtjo živali v klavnicah. Kampanja je pritegnila veliko medijsko pozornost, polemike in sprožila jezne odzive družinskih članov žrtev. Leta 1991 so bili objavljeni oglasi z opisom smrti žrtev serijskega morilca Jeffreyja Dahmerja, leta 2002 z opisom smrti žrtev serijskega morilca Roberta Williama Picktona [45] in leta 2008 z opisom umora Tima McLeana. [46] V več primerih so časopisi zavrnili prikazovanje oglasov.

Skupina je bila tudi kritizirana, ker je svoje sporočilo namenila mladim. Tvoja mama ubija živali prikazuje risanko ženske, ki z nožem napada zajca. [47] Za zmanjšanje porabe mleka je ustvaril "Got Beer?" kampanja, parodija na serijo Got Milk? oglasi, na katerih so bile znane osebnosti z mlečnimi "brki" na zgornjih ustnicah. Ko je župan New Yorka Rudy Giuliani leta 2000 odkril raka na prostati, je PETA posnela njegovo fotografijo z belimi brki in besedami "Imate rak prostate?" ponazoriti svojo trditev, da mlečni izdelki prispevajo k raku, oglas, ki je v ZDA povzročil negodovanje. [48] ​​Potem ko je PETA v šolskih časopisih objavila oglase, ki povezujejo mleko z aknami, debelostjo, srčnimi boleznimi, rakom in možgansko kapjo, so se matere proti vožnji pod vplivom alkohola in uradniki na fakulteti pritožili, da spodbuja mladoletnike, da pijejo, britanski organ za standarde oglaševanja je zahteval, naj se oglasi prekinejo po pritožbah iz interesnih skupin, kot je Nacionalni sindikat kmetov. [49]

Avgusta 2011 je bilo objavljeno, da bo PETA lansirala spletno mesto za mehko pornografijo na domeni .xxx. Tiskovna predstavnica PETA Lindsay Rajt je povedala Huffington Post, "Poskušamo uporabiti vse vtičnice, da se zavzamemo za živali," dodajamo, da "smo previdni pri tem, kaj počnemo, in ne bi uporabili golote ali nekaterih svojih bolj bleščečih taktik, če ne bi vedeli, da delujejo." PETA je goloto uporabila tudi v svojem oglasu "Veggie Love", ki ga je pripravila za Super Bowl, le da ga je omrežje prepovedalo. Delo PETA je razjezilo nekatere feministke, ki trdijo, da organizacija žrtvuje pravice žensk, da bi uveljavila svoj dnevni red. Lindsay Beyerstein je kritizirala PETA: "Oni so tisti, ki potegnejo moteče analogije med pornografijo, mizoginijo in krutostjo do živali." [50]

PETA se je obrnila na mesta, da bi jih pritisnila, naj spremenijo imena, med drugim na Fishkill, New York leta 1996, [51] Hamburg, New York leta 2003, [52] in Commerce City, Kolorado leta 2007. [53]

PETA včasih izdaja osamljene izjave ali sporočila za javnost, v katerih komentira aktualne dogodke. Potem ko je Lady Gaga leta 2010 nosila mesno obleko, je PETA izdala izjavo, v kateri nasprotuje obleki. [54] Potem ko je ribiča na Floridi leta 2011 ugriznil morski pes, je PETA predlagala oglas, ki prikazuje morskega psa, ki požira človeka, z napisom "Payback Is Hell, Go Vegan". Predlagani oglas je bil deležen kritik svojcev poškodovanega ribiča. [55] Potem ko je zobozdravnik iz Minnesote Walter Palmer priznal, da je leta 2015 v Zimbabveju ubil leva Cecila, je predsednik družbe PETA Newkirk v imenu družbe PETA izdal izjavo, v kateri je dejala: "Lov je strahopetec. Če je tako poročali so, da je ta zobozdravnik in njegovi vodniki zvabili Cecila iz parka s hrano, da bi ga ustrelili na zasebni lastnini, ker bi bilo streljanje v parku nezakonito, treba ga je izročiti, obtožiti in po možnosti obesiti. " [56]

Tajno delo

PETA pošlje svoje osebje na tajno v industrijo in druge objekte, ki uporabljajo živali za dokumentiranje domnevne zlorabe živali. Preiskovalci lahko preživijo več mesecev kot zaposleni v objektu, kopirajo dokumente in nosijo skrite kamere. [9]

Devetdesetih letih

  • Leta 1984 je PETA producirala 26-minutni film, Nepotreben prepir, ki temelji na 60 urah raziskovalnih video posnetkov, ki jih je med vlomom v kliniko za poškodbe glave univerze v Pennsylvaniji ukradla Animal Liberation Front. Posnetek je pokazal poskuse na pavijanih s hidravlično napravo, namenjeno simuliranju biča. Oglaševanje je privedlo do preiskav, prekinitve financiranja iz nepovratnih sredstev, odpuščanja veterinarja, zaprtja raziskovalnega laboratorija in dobe preizkusne dobe univerze.
  • Leta 1990 sta se dva aktivista PETA predstavljala kot zaposlena v Carolina Biological, kjer sta v podjetju fotografirala in snemala, češ da so mačke zlorabljene. [57] Po objavi posnetkov PETA je USDA izvedla lastno inšpekcijo in družbo nato obtožila sedmih kršitev Zakona o dobrobiti živali. [58] Štiri leta pozneje je upravni sodnik odločil, da Carolina Biological ni storila nobenih kršitev. [59]
  • Leta 1990 je Bobby Berosini, zabavljač v Las Vegasu, izgubil dovoljenje za prostoživeče živali in (v pritožbi) poznejšo tožbo proti PETA, potem ko je PETA predvajala prikriti film, v katerem je leta 1989 udaril in udaril orangutane. [60] [61]
  • Leta 1997 je PETA posnela film iz posnetkov, ki jih je pridobila članica PETA Michele Rokke, ki je na skrivaj poročala o britanskem podjetju Huntingdon Life Sciences, ki so ga predvajali po televiziji. Huntingdon je tožil PETA in PETA se je strinjala, da bo prekinila kampanjo proti Huntingdonu. [62]
  • Leta 1999 je velika porota v Severni Karolini obtožila tri delavce na farmi svinj, potem ko je tri mesece snemal operater PETA, medtem ko je bil zaposlen na kmetiji. Veterinar, ki je nadzoroval kmetijo, je dejal, da je videoposnetek, ki ga je PETA posnela iz posnetka, popačen in da ga je posnel nekdo, ki je "lagal med pogovorom za zaposlitev". [63]

2000 -ih

  • Leta 2004 je PETA objavila videokasete, posnete z osemmesečnega tajnega snemanja v klavnici v Zahodni Virginiji, ki dobavlja piščanca industriji hitre hrane. Posnetki so pokazali, kako delavci tolčejo žive piščance in na desetine mečejo ob zid. Matična družba je poslala svoje inšpektorje in tovarni rekla, naj počisti svoje dejanje ali izgubi pogodbo. Enajst zaposlenih je bilo odpuščenih, podjetje pa je delavcem podpisalo zavezo proti krutosti. [64]
  • PETA je 11 mesecev snemal posnetke v objektu Covance's Virginia. Domneva, da je na posnetku prikazano, da primate zadušijo, zadenejo in zavrnejo zdravniško pomoč, je PETA videoposnetek in pritožbo na 253 straneh poslala ameriškemu ministrstvu za kmetijstvo. Oddelek je preiskal in Covance je bil kaznovan z 8.720 USD. Leta 2005 je Covance vložil tožbo. "V zameno za tožbo proti infiltratorju zaradi nezakonitega snemanja v Covancevem laboratoriju, ki je bil v nasprotju s pogodbo, je PETA US vse video posnetke predala Covanceu in podpisala sporazum, da se v naslednjih petih letih ne bo poskušala infiltrirati v Covanceve laboratorije." [65] [66] [67]
  • Leta 2006 je PETA posnela trenerja v cirkusu Carson & amp Barnes Circus, ki drugim naroča, naj premagajo slone, da bi jih ubogali. Predstavnik podjetja je dejal, da so po objavi videoposnetka prenehali uporabljati električne vijake na živalih. [68]
  • Leta 2007 so lastniki ranča činčile v Michiganu tožili PETA, potem ko so se leta 2004 pretvarjali, da so zainteresirani kupci in jih na skrivaj posneli, ter ustvarili videospot "Nightmare on Chinchilla Farm". Sodnik je primer zavrgel in napisal "Tajne preiskave so eden glavnih načinov delovanja našega kazenskega pravosodnega sistema", in opozoril, da preiskovalne televizijske oddaje "pogosto izvajajo tajne preiskave, da bi razkrile neprimerno, neetično ali kriminalno vedenje". [69]
  • Leta 2008 je znana španska pevka Alaska sodelovala s PETA v skupni kampanji z AnimaNaturalisom in na sliki pozirala gola za ozaveščanje o tem, kar se ji zdi kruta dejavnost, bikoborba. [70]

Leta 2010

  • Leta 2013 je PETA raziskala angorske farme zajcev na Kitajskem in objavila video posnetke, na katerih je prikazano, kako kmetje med kričanjem trgajo volno z živih zajcev. [71] Leta 2015 je Inditex napovedal, da bodo prenehali uporabljati angoro, in obstoječi inventar podarili sirskim beguncem. Tudi sedemdeset drugih trgovcev na drobno je od objave grafičnih video posnetkov PETA prenehalo prodajati angorsko volno. [72]
  • Med letoma 2012 in 2014 je PETA v Avstraliji in ZDA preučevala striženje ovac v industriji volne. PETA je lokalnim oblastem poslala poročila in filmske posnetke, v katerih trdi, da so strižniki brcali in pretepali ovce, tolkli po glavi, vratu in nogah, jih udarjali s škarjami, udarjali po tleh in šivali ureznine brez lajšanja bolečin. Tiskovni predstavnik ameriškega sveta za volno je dejal: "Ne odobravamo ali podpiramo dejanj nikogar, ki povzroči namerno ali nenamerno zlorabo ovac. Grobo ravnanje z živalmi, ki bi lahko povzročilo poškodbo ovce, je nesprejemljiv manever med striženjem. ali kadar koli pri ravnanju z ovcami. " [73]
  • Leta 2014 je PETA izvedla tajno preiskavo industrije konjskih dirk in posnela sedem ur posnetkov, ki so New York Times poročali, "je pokazalo, da je slabo ravnanje s konji razširjeno in kavalirsko." Znani trener Steve Asmussen in njegov najboljši pomočnik trenerja Scott Blasi sta bila obtožena, da sta »konje podvrgla krutemu in škodljivemu zdravljenju, jim dajala droge v neterapevtske namene in da je eden od njihovih džokejev uporabil električno napravo, da bi šoke pospešil. . " Časopis je opozoril, da je bila ta preiskava "prvi pomemben korak PETA v zagovorništvu v svetu konjskih dirk". [74] Novembra 2015 je bila zaradi preiskave PETA Asmussenova komisija za igre na srečo zvezne države New York kaznovana z 10.000 USD. Robert Williams, izvršni direktor komisije, je dejal: "Zavedamo se, da ima PETA vlogo pri uvajanju sprememb, potrebnih za to, da bodo čistokrvne dirke varnejše in pravičnejše za vse." Nasprotno pa je komisija za konjske dirke v Kentuckyju, ki je prejela tudi obtožbe PETA, ugotovila, da Asmussen ni kršil nobenih pravil. Asmussen še vedno preiskuje ameriško ministrstvo za delo zaradi domnevnega kršenja Zakona o poštenih standardih dela iz leta 1938. [75] Po temeljiti preiskavi komisija za konjske dirke v Kentuckyju ni vložila nobene obtožbe proti Asmussenu, pri čemer je navedla, da "niso imele niti dejstva ali znanstveno podlago. " Čeprav je bila globa komisije za igre na srečo zvezne države New York namenjena manjšemu prestopku, so bile najhujše obtožbe neutemeljene. [76]
  • Leta 2015, kot Washington Post poroča, da je PETA raziskala Sweet Stem Farm, prašičjo farmo, ki meso dobavlja celotni hrani. Nastali video posnetek "je vseboval podobe prašičev, od katerih so nekateri domnevno bolni in jim ni bila zagotovljena ustrezna oskrba, natrpani v vroča oboka in z njimi grobo ravnajo zaposleni", kar je v nasprotju z lastnim videoportretom lastne kmetije in trditvami celotne hrane o "humanem mesu" ( izraz, ki ga PETA ohranja, je oksimoron). Objava notes that "[i]n the wake of the PETA investigation, Whole Foods has removed the Sweet Stem video from its Web site." [77] PETA subsequently filed a class-action lawsuit against Whole Foods, "alleging that the chain's claims about animal welfare amount to a 'sham.'" [78] The lawsuit was dismissed by a federal magistrate, who ruled that the store's signage "amounted to permissible 'puffery'" and that "the statement that 'no cages' were used to raise broiler chickens was not misleading merely because Whole Foods failed to also disclose that poultry suppliers normally do not use cages in the first place." [79]
  • Other PETA investigations from around this time focused on crocodile and alligator farms in Texas and Zimbabwe, [80] a monkey breeding facility in Florida, [81] pigeon racing in Taiwan, [82] ostrich slaughterhouses and tanneries in South Africa. [83]
  • CBS News reported in November 2016 that PETA had captured footage from restaurants that serve live octopus, shrimp, and other marine animals. The group's video showed "an octopus writhing as its limbs are severed by a chef at T Equals Fish, a Koreatown sushi restaurant in Los Angeles." PETA noted that octopuses "are considered among the most intelligent invertebrates" and "are capable of feeling pain just as a pig or rabbit would." [84]
  • In December 2016, PETA released video footage from an investigation at Texas A&M University's dog laboratory, which deliberately breeds dogs to contract muscular dystrophy. PETA claims that for "35 years, dogs have suffered in cruel muscular dystrophy experiments . which haven't resulted in a cure or treatment for reversing the course of muscular dystrophy in humans." The Houston Press noted that "Texas A&M has been less than transparent about the research, and in some cases has denied that the dogs experience pain or discomfort." Among other efforts, PETA placed a billboard to oppose the ineffectual research on animals. [85]
  • Bio Corporation, a company that supplies dead animals for study and dissection, was the subject of a November 2017 PETA undercover investigation. It was claimed that video footage showed workers at the company's facility in Alexandria, Minnesota "drowning fully-conscious pigeons, injecting live crayfish with latex and claiming that they sometimes would freeze turtles to death." PETA brought 25 charges of cruelty to animals against the company. Drowning is not considered an acceptable form of euthanasia, according to the American Veterinary Medical Association, and its standards of humane euthanasia must be followed by companies certified by the United States Department of Agriculture such as Bio Corporation. [86] On 18 April 2018, the case was dismissed and all charges dropped based on the Alexandria City Attorney's Office's assessment that the allegations of cruelty against either pigeons or crayfish were not sufficiently supported. Daniel Paden, PETA's director of evidence analysis, said that PETA is "reviewing its options to protect animals killed at Bio Corporaton." [87]
  • In 2018, police raided a PetSmart store in Tennessee, after receiving video footage from PETA. Police confiscated six animals: a guinea pig, mice, and hamsters. PetSmart sued the ex-employee, Jenna Jordan, claiming she was a paid PETA operative who obtained employment at PetSmart stores in Arizona, Florida and Tennessee in order to obtain recordings which she provided to PETA. Jordan was accused of committing "animal neglect, theft of confidential information, unlawfully surveilled private conversations, and filing false reports with law enforcement under false pretenses in three states." [88][89] In 2019, PetSmart added PETA as a defendant in the lawsuit. [90]
  • On 1 May 2018, PETA released an investigation of the mohair industry that led more than 80 retailers, including UNIQLO and Zappos, to drop products made with mohair. The video evidence "depicts goats being thrown around wood floors, dunked in poisonous cleaning solution or having their ears mutilated with pliers. . [E]mployees are shown cutting goats' throats, breaking their necks, electrically shocking them and beheading them." [91]

Ag-gag laws

Various U.S. states have passed ag-gag laws in order to prevent animal rights and animal welfare groups from conducting undercover investigations of operations that use animals. In response, PETA has been involved with other groups bringing lawsuits, citing First Amendment protections for free speech. [92]

  • In 2017, a federal judge ruled Utah's ag-gag law an unconstitutional violation of the First Amendment in a case brought against the state by PETA, ALDF and Amy Meyer, the director of the Utah Animal Rights Coalition. [93]
  • In 2018, Idaho's ag-gag law was struck down as unconstitutional in a case brought by ACLU-Idaho, the Animal Legal Defense Fund and PETA. [94]
  • In 2019, a federal judge struck down Iowa's 2012 ag-gag law in a case filed in 2017 by co-plaintiffs PETA, ALDF, ACLU of Iowa, Iowa Citizens for Community Improvement, Bailing Out Benji, and Center for Food Safety. [95]
  • In 2020, in the case of PETA et al v. Stein, Judge Schroeder struck four subsections of North Carolina's 2015 Property Protection Act, writing "the law is declared unconstitutional as applied to them in their exercise of speech." The plaintiffs included PETA, Center for Food Safety, ALDF, Farm Sanctuary, Food & Water Watch, Government Accountability Project, Farm Forward, and the ASPCA. [96][97]

Euthanasia and PETA's shelter

PETA is a strong proponent of euthanasia and considers it a necessary evil in a world full of unwanted pets. They oppose the no-kill movement, and rather than adoption programs, PETA prefers to aim for zero births through spaying and neutering. [98] They recommend not breeding pit bulls, and support euthanasia in certain situations for animals in shelters, such as those being housed for long periods in cramped cages. [99]

PETA calls their shelter in Norfolk, Virginia a "shelter of last resort", claiming they only receive old, sick, injured, badly behaved, and otherwise unadoptable animals. Operating as open admission, they take in animals no one else will, and consider death a merciful end. The consistently high percentage of animals euthanized at PETA's shelter has been controversial. [100] [101] In 2014, PETA euthanized over 80% of the shelter's animals and justified its euthanasia policies as mercy killings. [102] [103]

In 2008, industry lobby group Center for Consumer Freedom (CCF) petitioned the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, requesting they reclassify PETA as a "slaughterhouse." CCF said in a news release that "[a]n official report filed by PETA itself shows that the animal rights group put to death nearly every dog, cat, and other pet it took in for adoption in 2006," with a kill rate of 97.4 percent. [104] In 2012, VDACS said that it had in the past considered changing PETA's status from "shelter" to "euthanasia clinic," citing PETA's willingness to take in "anything that comes through the door, and other shelters won't do that." [105] PETA acknowledged that it euthanized 95% of the animals at its shelter in 2011. [105]

PETA's euthanasia practices have drawn intense scrutiny from lawmakers and criticism from animal rights activists for years. Fueled by public outrage from a 2014 incident where PETA workers took a pet Chihuahua from its porch and euthanized it the same day, the Virginia General Assembly passed Senate Bill 1381 in 2015 aimed at curtailing the operation of PETA's shelter. The bill defines a private animal shelter as "a facility operated for the purpose of finding permanent adoptive homes for animals." [100] [106] Though risking their legal access to euthanasia drugs, PETA has continued their practices. [100] [101] In the Chihuahua case, PETA paid a fine and settled a civil claim with the family three years later. [107]

Pravni postopki

Two PETA employees were acquitted in 2007 of cruelty to animals after at least 80 euthanized animals were left in dumpsters in a shopping center in Ahoskie, North Carolina, over the course of a month in 2005 the two employees were seen leaving behind 18 dead animals, and 13 more were found inside their van. The animals had been euthanized after being removed from shelters in Northampton and Bertie counties. A Bertie County Deputy Sheriff stated that the two employees assured the Bertie Animal Shelter that "they were picking up the dogs to take them back to Norfolk where they would find them good homes." [108] [109] During the trial, Daphna Nachminovitch, the supervisor of PETA's Community Animal Project, said PETA began euthanizing animals in some rural North Carolina shelters after it found the shelters killing animals in ways PETA considers inhumane, including by shooting them. She also stated that the dumping of animals did not follow PETA's policy. [110] [111]

In November 2014, a resident of Accomack County, Virginia, produced video evidence that two workers in a van marked with a PETA logo had entered his property in a trailer park and taken his dog, who was then euthanized. He reported the incident to the police, who identified and charged two PETA workers, but the charges were later dropped by the commonwealth attorney on the grounds that it was not possible to prove criminal intent. [112] The trailer park's manager had contacted PETA after a group of residents moved out, leaving their dogs behind, which is why the workers were on the property. The state later determined that PETA had violated state law by failing to ensure that the Chihuahua, who was not wearing a collar or tag, was properly identified and for failing to keep the dog alive for five days before euthanizing the animal. Citing a "severity of this lapse in judgment," the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services issued PETA a first-ever violation and imposed a $500 fine. The contract worker who had taken the dog was dismissed by PETA. [113]

In 2015, PETA sued British nature photographer David Slater in US court as a next friend for a wild macaque monkey, whom they named Naruto. PETA argued that the monkey was entitled to the copyright of a selfie photo it had taken while handling Slater's camera, and naming themselves to be the administrator of any copyright revenue. The monkey selfie copyright dispute was originally dismissed by Judge Orrick who wrote there is no indication that the Copyright Act extends to animals and a monkey could not own a copyright. [114] PETA appealed, [115] but the Court of Appeals found in favor of Slater saying that "PETA's real motivation in this case was to advance its own interests, not Naruto's." The decision cited Cetacean v. Bush (2004) that says animals can't sue unless Congress makes it clear in the statute that animals can sue, and added that "next friend" representation cannot be applied to animals. [116] The court also wrote:

"Puzzlingly, while representing to the world that “animals are not ours to eat, wear, experiment on, use for entertainment, or abuse in any other way,” PETA seems to employ Naruto as an unwitting pawn in its ideological goals."

Video igre

PETA has created a number of satirical video games with such names as How Green Is My Diet? in KKK or AKC? Spot the Difference. PETA uses these games to spread attention about animal rights and animal welfare and to advocate vegetarian and vegan diets. PETA's head of online marketing Joel Bartlett said "We've found that parody games are extremely popular. By connecting our message with something people are already interested in, we're able to create more buzz." [117]

In 2017, Ingrid Newkirk sent a letter of complaint to Nintendo about their video game 1-2-Switch, during which players get to milk a cow. In her letter, Newkirk called the game "unrealistic" and wrote "you've taken all the cruelty out of milking". She also suggested that "instead of sugarcoating the subject, Nintendo switch to simulating activities in which no animals suffer." [118]

Person of the year

Each year, PETA selects a "Person of the Year" who has helped advance the cause of animal rights. In 2015, Pope Francis was selected for his encouragement to treat animals with kindness and to respect the environment. [119] In 2016, Mary Matalin was chosen for her fight for the humane treatment of farm animals and monkeys. [120] In 2017, PETA chose a nonhuman recipient, Naruto, a monkey unaware of his role in a copyright case. [121]

Direct action and the ALF

Newkirk is outspoken in her support of direct action, writing that no movement for social change has ever succeeded without what she calls the militarism component: "Thinkers may prepare revolutions, but bandits must carry them out." [122] Newkirk is a strong supporter of direct action that removes animals from laboratories and other facilities: "When I hear of anyone walking into a lab and walking out with animals, my heart sings." [9] Newkirk was quoted in 1999, "When you see the resistance to basic humane treatment and to the acknowledgment of animals' social needs, I find it small wonder that the laboratories aren't all burning to the ground. If I had more guts, I'd light a match." [123]

Purebred dogs

PETA protested at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 2009 dressed up in Ku Klux Klan robes and passed out brochures implying the Klan and American Kennel Club have the same goal of "pure bloodlines". [124]

Hišne živali as word

PETA considers the word hišne živali to be "derogatory and patronises the animal", and prefers the term "companion" or "companion animal". "Animals are not pets," Newkirk has said. [125]

Hearing-ear and seeing-eye dogs

PETA supports hearing dog programs when animals are sourced from shelters and placed in homes, but opposes seeing-eye-dog programs "because the dogs are bred as if there are no equally intelligent dogs literally dying for homes in shelters, they are kept in harnesses almost 24/7". [126]

Testiranje na živalih

PETA opposes animal testing—whether toxicity testing, basic or applied research, or for education and training—on both moral and practical grounds. Newkirk told the Vogue magazine in 1989 that even if animal testing resulted in a cure for AIDS, PETA would oppose it. [127] The group also believes that it is wasteful, unreliable, and irrelevant to human health, because artificially induced diseases in animals are not identical to human diseases. They say that animal experiments are frequently redundant and lack accountability, oversight, and regulation. They promote alternatives, including embryonic stem cell research and in vitro cell research. [9] PETA employees have themselves volunteered for human testing of vaccines Scott Van Valkenburg, the group's Director of Major Gifts, said in 1999 that he had volunteered for human testing of HIV vaccines. [128]

Milk and autism

In 2008, 2014, and again in 2017, PETA conducted an advertising campaign linking milk with autism. Their "Got Autism?" campaign, a play on words mocking the milk industry's Got Milk? ad campaign that ran from 1993-2014, stated "Studies have shown a link between cow's milk and autism." PETA also claimed milk was strongly linked to cancer, Crohn's disease, and other diseases. [129] [130] In 2014, PETA's Executive Vice President confirmed their position, and additionally stated that dairy consumption contributes to asthma, chronic ear infection, constipation, iron deficiency, anemia, and cancer. [131]

When pressed, PETA cited two scientific papers, one from 1995 and one from 2002 using a very small sampling of children (36 and 20), and neither showed a correlation nor a causation between milk and autism. Newer studies from 2010 and 2014 have shown no association between dairy and behavior in autism. [130] Despite having been corrected, PETA says they still keep the information on their website "because we have heard from people who have said it contains helpful information." [132]

Steven Novella, a clinical neurologist and assistant professor at Yale University School of Medicine, wrote "This is clearly, in my opinion, a campaign of fear mongering based upon a gross distortion of the scientific evidence. The purpose is to advocate for a vegan diet, which fits [PETA's] ideological agenda. They are likely aware that it is easier to spread fears than to reassure with a careful analysis of the scientific evidence." [129]

PETA's campaign has angered the autism community. A 2008 PETA billboard was taken down by the Autistic Self Advocacy Network. In 2017, British food writer, journalist and hunger relief activist Jack Monroe, demanded PETA remove her recipes from their website "with immediate effect coz I wrote them with my autism". They did, but PETA didn't remove the "Got Autism?" article from their website. The frowny face in the campaign image negatively stereotypes autistic people. [132]

Steve Irwin controversy

PETA has been critical of Australian wildlife expert and zookeeper Steve Irwin. In 2006, when Irwin died, PETA Vice President Dan Mathews said Irwin had made a career out of antagonizing frightened wild animals. [133] Australian Member of Parliament Bruce Scott was disgusted by the comments and said PETA should apologize to Irwin's family and the rest of Australia, and "Isn't it interesting . how they [PETA] want to treat animals ethically, but cannot even think for a minute whether or not their outlandish comments are ethical towards their fellow human beings." [134]

PETA reignited the controversy in 2019 by criticizing Google for creating a slideshow Google Doodle of Steve Irwin posthumously honoring his 57th birthday. [135] PETA started a Twitter firestorm with several tweets criticizing Google for forwarding a dangerous message, and wrote that Irwin was killed while harassing a ray and that he forced animals to perform. [136] A Washington Post editor wrote "PETA can add 'insulting a deceased cultural icon' to its infamous repertoire." [137]

PETA India was founded in 2000 and is based in Mumbai, India. It focuses on issues about animals in laboratories, the food industry, the leather trade, and entertainment." [138]

PETA and NGO Animal Rahat, authorized by Animal Welfare Board of India, participated in a nine-month investigation of 16 circuses in India. After it was revealed that "animals used in circuses were subjected to chronic confinement, physical abuse, and psychological torment", AWBI in 2013 banned registration of elephants for performance. [139]

PETA India put up billboards prior to a 2020 annual religious event Eid al-Adha where animals are ritualistically slaughtered. The billboards depicted goats with the words "I am a living being and not just meat. Change your view towards us and become a vegan." and "I am ME, Not Mutton. See the Individual. Go Vegan." Muslim clerics wanted the billboards taken down and claimed that it was hurtful to their religious sentiments. [140] [141]

In July, 2020, PETA put up billboards saying "This Rakshabandhan, protect me: Go leather-free". [142]

In February 1995, a parody website calling itself "People Eating Tasty Animals" registered the domain name "peta.org". PETA sued, claiming trademark violation, and won the suit in 2001 the domain is currently owned by PETA. [143] While still engaged in legal proceedings over "peta.org", PETA themselves registered the domains "ringlingbrothers.com" and "voguemagazine.com", using the sites to accuse Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus and Vogue of animal cruelty. PETA later surrendered the domains under threat of similar legal action over trademark infringement. [144] [145]

The failure of PETA to condemn the Animal Liberation Front is a common complaint by other animal rights activists and groups.

The more radical activists say the group has lost touch with its grass-roots soldiers, is soft on the idea of animal rights, that it should stop the media stunts and their use of nudity, and stop "hogging the spotlight at the expense of its allies in the movement". [146] [9]

Robert Garner of the University of Leicester has written that PETA has shaken up the animal rights movement, setting up new groups and radicalizing old ones. [147] According to reviews at Philanthropedia, "PETA paved the way for other national organizations to delve into what used to be controversial issues and are now more mainstream concerns." [148] Michael Specter considers PETA to be the radical that helps the more mainstream message to succeed. [a]

Because of PETA's euthanasia rates at their "shelter of last resort", attorney Nathan Winograd, advocate for the No Kill movement, calls Newkirk of PETA "The Butcher of Norfolk". [149]

Gary Francione, professor of law at Rutgers Law School and a proponent of abolitionism, says that PETA is not an animal rights group because of their willingness to work with industries that use animals to achieve incremental change. Francione says PETA trivializes the movement with their "Three Stooges" theory of animal rights, making the public think progress is underway when the changes are only cosmetic. [150] "Their campaigns are selected more for media image than content." [9] Francione has criticized PETA for having caused grassroots animal rights groups to close, groups that were essential for the survival of the animal rights movement, and rejects the centrality of corporate animal charities. Francione wrote that PETA initially set up independent chapters around the United States, but closed them in favor of a top-down, centralized organization, which not only consolidated decision-making power, but centralized donations. Now, local animal rights donations go to PETA, rather than to a local group. [150]


POVEZANI ČLANKI

We believe the best way to achieve hormone harmony in these middle years is to eat a nutrient-rich, diverse and balanced diet. We use plenty of ‘hormone-helpers’ in our recipes, from phytoestrogens (the natural nutrients found in plants that mimic the action of our hormones) and B vitamins, to omega 3 fatty acids and mineral-rich foods.

We also recognise that women in particular may need some slow-release carbohydrates — wholegrains and pulses — to help maintain the best balance of hormones. We love avocados, too, as they contain essential fats which are fundamental building blocks for hormone production. Women can also benefit from flaxseeds, green leafy veg, legumes and soya, as they contain phytoestrogens.

Japanese women, whose soya-rich diet includes edamame, miso and tofu, rarely suffer from the menopausal symptoms — notably hot flushes and night sweats — commonly experienced by women in the West. Our feisty Spiced Salad recipe includes tempeh, a fermented soy product, which is well worth buying if you have never tried it — not just for its health profile, but because it tastes great.

A healthy diet can help to combat hormonally-triggered redistribution of body fat and contribute to weight loss

Our Homemade Seed Mix is a finely blended mix of linseeds (another name for flaxseeds), sunflower seeds and almonds. This power-packed topping adds extra oomph to our recipes — a brilliant coating for veggie burgers or falafel, and for our version of energy balls, the lovely little ‘Uncookies’ (recipe on the back page).

While our midlife message isn’t about weight loss, a healthy diet can help to combat hormonally-triggered redistribution of body fat. If there is one thing we have learned, it’s that successful weight management comes down to a moderate quantity and diverse variety of fresh ingredients. Our recipes tend to be naturally low in calories, without you having to give dieting a thought.

Some peri-menopausal women also experience fluid retention linked to hormonal imbalance (as progesterone starts to decline before oestrogen, the two can become out of kilter).

So it’s important to support progesterone levels, too, by eating foods rich in vitamin B6 such as tuna and salmon, soya, nuts and lentils.

After your 50s, you should notice hot flushes easing. But at this point, as oestrogen levels dwindle, women are at risk of bone weakening and osteoporosis. Look for foods rich in calcium and magnesium, such as dairy, almonds, kale and broccoli.

Studies also show post-menopausal women can experience decreasing muscle mass, so taking in good-quality protein and adequate vitamin D is vital. An excellent way to do both is by eating oily fish, such as mackerel, sardines and salmon — try our Smoked Mackerel Kedgeree recipe.

For all its ups and downs, we think there’s something about midlife — its experience, its wry understanding of the world, its new freedoms — that demands we rejoice our middle years, rather than lament lost youth.

Eating for health needn’t be complicated. With these familiar, fresh foods in fantastic combinations, it is easy and delicious to bring hormone harmony to your midlife meals.


Mega veggie burgers

Tofu is a brilliant carrier of flavours, plus it’s high in protein, low in saturated fat and a great source of calcium and phosphorus, which make for strong and healthy bones.

  • 350g firm silken tofu
  • 1 large free-range egg
  • 75g wholemeal breadcrumbs
  • 2 heaped teaspoons Marmite
  • 8 ripe tomatoes
  • 1 tablespoon red wine vinegar
  • 2 sprigs of fresh basil
  • 4 soft wholemeal buns
  • 400g mixed seasonal salad veg, such as cucumber, red cabbage, apples, cress, baby spinach
  • Olivno olje
  • 2 vejici svežega rožmarina
  • 50g Cheddar cheese
  • 50g gherkins
  • CREAMY BASIL DRESSING
  • 4 sprigs of fresh basil
  • 4 žlice naravnega jogurta
  • 1 žlica belega vinskega kisa
  • 1 čajna žlička dijonske gorčice
  • ¼ of a fresh red chilli

Wrap the tofu in a clean tea towel, then squeeze and wring it out to remove the excess liquid (about 4 tablespoons should come out. It’s messy, but really important to do this for great burger texture later).

Place the tofu in a bowl, scraping it off the tea towel. Crack in the egg, then add the breadcrumbs and Marmite.

Mix and scrunch together really well with clean hands, then shape into 4 even-sized patties that’ll fit nicely in your buns once cooked.

Roughly chop the tomatoes and put into a dry non-stick frying pan on a high heat with a pinch of black pepper, a splash of water and the vinegar.

Squash the tomatoes with a potato masher, cook for 10 to 15 minutes, or until thick and delicious, then tear in the basil leaves and season to perfection (I sometimes add a pinch of dried red chilli flakes too, for a kick).

If you want to plump up your buns, pop them into a warm oven for a few minutes.

Finely slice or prep all the salad veg. Next, pick the basil leaves into a blender and blitz with the other dressing ingredients and a pinch of salt and pepper until super-smooth.

Place 2 teaspoons of oil in a large non-stick frying pan on a medium heat. Pick the rosemary leaves into the pan in four piles, place the patties on top and cook for 3 minutes on each side, or until golden.

Slice or grate the cheese, place on the patties, reduce the heat to low, then cover and leave to melt for 3 to 4 minutes.

Spread the tomato sauce into the buns, then sandwich the cheesy burgers and sliced gherkins inside. Toss the salad with half the dressing (save the rest for another day), serve alongside the burgers and enjoy. Odlično.

CALORIES: 424kcal FAT: 15.7g SAT FAT: 4.6g PROTEIN: 24.9g CARBS: 44.8g SUGAR: 12.1g FIBRE: 9.3g.

Portable jam jar salad

This delicious, colourful lunch will cause massive office envy. Make balanced jars by layering up carb, protein, veg and a little dairy. Keep in the fridge and mix before serving.

  • 150g cooked pearl barley (75g if cooking from scratch)
  • 1 raw beetroot
  • 1 small eating apple
  • 2 heaped tablespoons fat-free natural yogurt
  • 1 žlica ekstra deviškega oljčnega olja
  • 1 heaped teaspoon jarred grated horseradish
  • 1 handful watercress
  • 1 handful baby spinach
  • A few ripe cherry tomatoes
  • 100g of quality cooked thinly sliced lean roast beef
  • 2 sprigs of fresh tarragon
  • 4 shelled walnuts

Spoon the cooked pearl barley into the base of a 1-litre jam jar. Peel, coarsely grate and add the beetroot. Grate the apple, mix with the yogurt, oil and horseradish, then season to taste with sea salt and black pepper and spoon over the beetroot.

Pick the tarragon leaves and smash the walnuts. To make up the rest of your jar, layer up the watercress, spinach, tomatoes, roast beef, tarragon leaves and smashed walnuts, then pop the lid on.

CALORIES: 539kcal FAT: 26.2g SAT FAT: 5.1g PROTEIN: 39.1g CARBS: 40.7g SUGAR: 20.1g FIBRE: 5.4g.


95 Reasons to Please, Please, Please get Vaccinated

We've spent a year trapped in a nightmare. We've seen a half-million people die in the U.S. We've watched the places we've loved boarded up and bankrupted. We've gone crazy inside — locked down, shut in and fed up. And we've watched the world go crazy outside — a soaring murder rate, riots, insurrection and Instagram videos of people screaming at Walmart greeters about masks.

The good news is this is the kind of nightmare you can pinch yourself and wake up from. All we have to do is tap our heels together three times, poke your arm once or twice, and we can all go home again. The problem is that to truly banish the nightmare — to stop the deaths, free the businesses, get rid of the masks — everyone has to join in the ritual. Whether because of fear, misinformation or simple procrastination, a huge chunk of the Inland Northwest hasn't been vaccinated.

Three weeks after vaccines opened to everyone over 16 in Spokane County, only 45 percent of those eligible have had their first shot. We've had over 3,400 new COVID cases since April. Last week, we almost got banished back to Phase 2. Yet open vaccination slots are abundant.

And so we're desperate: Maybe shaming doesn't work, but if there's just a priložnost it does, we will wag our finger until we get carpal tunnel. Maybe insults are ineffective, but we're trying everything, dumbass. If there's even a possibility that rhyming slogans will convince you, then dammit, we'll tell you to cross your heart, avoid the harm, stick a needle in your arm. We've assembled every argument we could think of — from appeals to science and emotion to celebrity and absurdity — that could move the needle to move more needles.

This list was reported and written by Daniel Walters, Wilson Criscione, Samantha Wohlfeil, Nathan Weinbender, Chey Scott, and Dan Nailen — every one of them fully or partially vaccinated.

1. You're either on #TeamVaccine or #TeamCOVID-19.
There's no third party, no option C. One wins, or the other does. The question isn't whether you'd prefer to take the vaccines, like, recreationally. It's whether you prefer to eventually get COVID — and more importantly — whether you'd prefer to unknowingly spread it to someone else.

So who are you going to trust? The new guy who you don't know very well but has 90 percent support? Or the serial killer who has murdered millions?


Melania Trump refused to give Donald Trump her number when they first met

"I was not star-struck," Melania Trump confided to GQ about the first time she met her future husband. She recalled in the magazine that she had been invited to a NYC party at the Kit Kat Club by Zampolli. It was NY Fashion Week in 1998, and 28-year-old model was about to meet another Zampolli invitee, Donald Trump.

But it wasn't love at first sight. "I didn't know much about [him]," she told GQ. And she wasn't about to give her number to a 52-year-old billionaire who, though already separated from his second wife actress Marla Maples, had arrived with a date. Instead, she snagged njegov digits. Povedala je GQ, "If I give him my number, I'm just one of the women he calls. I wanted to see what his intention [was]. It tells you a lot from the man what kind of number he gives you. He gave me all of his numbers."

Her friend Atanian revealed to GQ, "She had some trust issues with him at the beginning. She kept her apartment to have her own space because of this." But peace would be made, as the two struck up a romance again shortly after. A hometown friend speculated in the same article, "It's about all that power and protection. I think she needed a strong man, a father figure."


Corbin Stories: Part 2

One day in the early 1930s, Josephine and Margaret Sanders were beginning to wonder what was keeping Harland away so long. Last they had seen him, he was riding a mule up the mountain in a downpour, carrying an old lard bucket filled with bandages, scissors, antiseptics, and rubber gloves. He was en route to a nearby Appalachian community which lacked electricity, roads, indoor plumbing, and other modern conveniences. From time to time Sanders brought the families there free food, including full Thanksgiving spreads for entire towns, but most urgently the people needed medical care. He had been summoned because one of the townswomen had gone into labor. Having three children, Sanders had a little experience with childbirth, so he had become a self-styled amateur midwife. But this outing was taking much longer than normal.

Harland interrupted his wife and daughter’s worrying when he burst into the apartment and grabbed his trusty shotgun he kept behind the front door. He explained that it might be necessary to use a little “persuasion.” The baby wasn’t in the proper position in the womb, requiring more experienced intervention. But the allegedly drunken doctor was refusing to go, Hippocrates be damned. Shortly the doctor was appropriately persuaded, and he was seen riding up the mountain astride a wet mule. The doctor manually adjusted the baby’s position, and the delivery proceeded smoothly. The parents named their new son “Harland.”

In 1935 or 1936, in recognition of Sanders’ midwifery work, food donations, and his regular shuttling of townsfolk to Alcoholics Anonymous meetings 2 , Kentucky governor Ruby Laffoon commissioned Harland Sanders as a “Kentucky Colonel,” the highest title of honor bestowed by the Commonwealth of Kentucky.


Where Does Trader Joe’s Food Come From?

However, publicity-shy Trader Joe’s is leery of revealing just who makes its products. And so shoppers theorize instead. A feature we ran almost three years ago that speculated on the name-brand companies that produce Trader Joe’s products continues to get traffic and comments. Since it was published, TJ’s has rolled out tons of new private-label foods, so we thought it was time to take another look at the origins of TJ’s favorites.

TJ’s Veggie Sticks Potato Snacks Versus Good Health Natural Foods Veggie Stix

Appearance: Both bags are the same size and weight the Good Health bag is metallic, not transparent.

Taste: These things taste exactly the same, with kind of a McDonald’s french fry vibe. Points to the TJ’s bag for actually admitting that the damn things are basically potatoes with a bit of ground-up vegetable thrown in for color.

Sestavine: More or less identical, though the Trader Joe’s sticks seem to derive their color from tomato powder, spinach powder, and turmeric, while Good Health also uses green pepper, paprika, and celery.

Cena: TJ’s $1.99, Good Health Natural $4.99

In it together? Oh hell yeah.

TJ’s “This Strawberry Walks into a Bar” Cereal Bars Versus Full Circle Strawberry Fruit & Cereal Bars

Appearance: Identical bars seemingly made of woodchips with cereal, um, sweepings sprinkled on top. Boxes are the same size, same weight, and contain the same number of bars.

Taste: Oh God! My mouth is so dry! So very dry! Is this made of woodchips? It’s woodchips smeared with jelly, right? TJ’s bar is ever-so-slightly sweeter and less dry. This is some nasty business are you sure you don’t want to have some actual cereal for breakfast?

Sestavine: Pretty much identical, though TJ’s shuffles the order. Somehow, the TJ’s bars each have 10 calories, 1 gram of sugar, and .5 grams of fat more than the Full Circle bars. Yet they do not taste better. How is that?

Cena: TJ’s, $1.69, Full Circle, $3.99

In it together? O ja.

TJ’s Organic Shells and White Cheddar Macaroni & Cheese Versus Annie’s Homegrown Shells & White Cheddar Macaroni & Cheese

Appearance: Oh, I see, Annie’s, you tried to confuse us by calling your product Shells & White Cheddar while TJ’s is Shells AND White Cheddar! Pretty sneaky! Boxes are the same size, weight, etc. Shells appear to be the same size cheese powder looks the same.

Taste: So awful. Just awful. Powdery, gritty, cheeselike flavor, powerful stink. TJ’s might be a bit saltier and fattier. My five-year-old daughter loved both.

Sestavine: Identical, except that Annie’s takes pains to note that its cheese is made from “non-animal enzymes.” No rennet, concerned vegetarians! TJ’s makes no such claim.

Cena: TJ’s, $1.29, Annie’s, $1.99

In it together? Yep.

Trader Joe San’s Soyaki Versus Soy Vay’s Veri Veri Teriyaki

Appearance: This one’s kind of a gimme, because TJ’s sold Soy Vay for years. It disappeared … and then another product in a bottle the same shape and size, using the same colors, appeared in the same place on the shelves in the stores. Huh. Anyhoo, same bottle, seemingly the same stuff inside, tastes the same. Soy Vay looks like it has more sesame seeds, and it’s a bit sweeter than TJ’s.

Taste: Same. Overly sweet soy sauce, lacking the tang of mirin and boasting hints of sesame. Plus it’s salty enough to wake you up in the middle of the night to drink water.

Sestavine: Largely the same. TJ’s claims it has ginger purée, while Soy Vay claims “fresh ginger.” Big diff.

Cena: TJ’s, $2.99, Soy Vay, $4.99

In it together? O ja.

TJ’s White Baking Chips Versus Ghirardelli Classic White Premium Baking Chips

Appearance: Bags are the same size and weight, yet the Ghirardelli bag is metallic, not transparent. Ghirardelli chips are flatter and more spread out TJ’s are more peaked.

Taste: Totally dissimilar. Ghirardelli’s tastes mainly of sour milk, TJ’s of vanilla. TJ’s chips have a lingering, creamy finish. I’d better try a few more just to be sure of this. Mmm, yeah.

Sestavine: First ingredient in both is sugar. From there they diverge. TJ’s second ingredient is cocoa butter, Ghirardelli’s is palm oil. The rest of the ingredients are the same.

Cena: TJ’s, $2.29, Ghirardelli, $3.99

In it together? No, and Ghirardelli should get on the stick and get up to TJ’s standard. I’ve heard rumors that Guittard supplies TJ’s with chocolate chips, and the ingredients on Guittard’s High Sierra White Cookie Chips seem to be identical to the TJ’s chips. But the only way I’ve yet found Guittard white chips is in bulk, and um, if I buy a 2.2 pound bag of white chips, I am going to be seven pounds heavier once I’m done writing this story.

TJ’s Organic Tofu Veggie Burgers Versus Wildwood SprouTofu Veggie Burgers

Appearance: C’mon, it’s the same. The same! The packaging is suspiciously similar, same weight, etc. The burgers are the same yellowish color of diseased fluid, have the same orange and green flecks. They are the same!

Taste: Same. Okusno. Savory. This is the only tofu burger I can stomach.

Sestavine: Same. Yawn.

Cena: TJ’s, $2.69, Wildwood, $3.99

In it together? Ya think?

TJ’s Organic Joe’s O’s Pasta Versus Full Circle Rings Pasta

Appearance: Cans are the same size, shape, and weight, but the graphics are markedly different. Pasta rings look the same once out of the can.

Taste: Mushy pasta, bland sauce. Totally Franco-American, maybe a little less salty and sweet and the tiniest hint of garlic. My daughter loved this, too.

Sestavine: Same. And the fact that TJ’s clearly also sources its strawberry bars from Full Circle seems meaningful.

Cena: TJ’s, $1.49, Full Circle, $1.99

In it together? Totally.

TJ’s Organic Baked Tofu, Savory Flavor Versus Wildwood Savory Baked SprouTofu

Appearance: Although both kinds of tofu-blocks look the same, with identical color and flecks, the TJ’s bar might be the tiniest bit taller.

Taste: Salty, savory sameness. Both have a mustardy-vinegary aftertaste. Nice.

Sestavine: Same, except TJ’s throws the word “organic” in front of every word. Organic onion powder, really? That exists? I see.


Poglej si posnetek: Steve O Tries a Wendys Veggie Burger (Julij 2022).


Komentarji:

  1. Bernardo

    It is simply an amazing topic

  2. Lamaan

    velik odziv :)

  3. Yozshular

    Imaš popolnoma prav. In this something is I seem this good thinking. Strinjam se s tabo.

  4. Arashigore

    You have a tough choice

  5. Andret

    This message, amazing))), interesting to me :)

  6. Tara

    prav imaš, tako je



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